Phaedo, Plato
Phaedo
Plato
3:29 h Ideas Lvl 10.66
Phaedo is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato's middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul. It is set in the last hours prior to the death of Socrates, and is Plato's fourth and last dialogue to detail the philosopher's final days, following Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito. One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. In the dialogue, Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock. Socrates has been imprisoned and sentenced to death by an Athenian jury for not believing in the gods of the state (though some scholars think it was more for his support of "philosopher kings" as opposed to democracy) and for corrupting the youth of the city.

Phaedo

by
Plato


Phaedo

Persons of the dialogue:

Phaedo, who is the narrator of the dialogue to Echecrates,and Phlius.Socrates,Apollodorus,Simmias,Cebes,Crito, andan Attendant of the Prison.

Scene:

The Prison of Socrates.

Place of the narration:

Phlius.

ECHECRATES:
Were you yourself, Phaedo, in the prison with Socrates on the day when he drank the poison?

PHAEDO:
Yes, Echecrates, I was.

ECHECRATES:
I should so like to hear about his death. What did he say in his last hours? We were informed that he died by taking poison, but no one knew anything more; for no Phliasian ever goes to Athens now, and it is a long time since any stranger from Athens has found his way hither; so that we had no clear account.

PHAEDO:
Did you not hear of the proceedings at the trial?

ECHECRATES:
Yes; some one told us about the trial, and we could not understand why, having been condemned, he should have been put to death, not at the time, but long afterwards. What was the reason of this?

The death of Socrates was deferred by the holy season of the mission to Delos.

PHAEDO:
An accident, Echecrates: the stern of the ship which the Athenians send to Delos happened to have been crowned on the day before he was tried.

ECHECRATES:
What is this ship?

PHAEDO:
It is the ship in which, according to Athenian tradition, Theseus went to Crete when he took with him the fourteen youths, and was the saviour of them and of himself. And they are said to have vowed to Apollo at the time, that if they were saved they would send a yearly mission to Delos. Now this custom still continues, and the whole period of the voyage to and from Delos, beginning when the priest of Apollo crowns the stern of the ship, is a holy season, during which the city is not allowed to be polluted by public executions; and when the vessel is detained by contrary winds, the time spent in going and returning is very considerable. As I was saying, the ship was crowned on the day before the trial, and this was the reason why Socrates lay in prison and was not put to death until long after he was condemned.

ECHECRATES: What was the manner of his death, Phaedo? What was said or done? And which of his friends were with him? Or did the authorities forbid them to be present — so that he had no friends near him when he died?

PHAEDO: No; there were several of them with him.

Phaedo is requested by Echecrates to give an account of the death of Socrates.

ECHECRATES:
If you have nothing to do, I wish that you would tell me what passed, as exactly as you can.

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