McGuffey's Fourth Eclectic Reader
William Holmes McGuffey
Children
6:40 h
Level 4
McGuffey Readers were a series of graded primers for grade levels 1-6. They were widely used as textbooks in American schools from the mid-19th century to the early-20th century, and are still used today in homeschooling. The fourth Reader was written for the highest levels of ability on the grammar school level. McGuffey's Readers were among the first textbooks in the United States designed to be increasingly challenging with each volume. They used word repetition in the text as a learning tool, developing reading skills by challenging students using the books. Sounding-out, enunciation, and accents were emphasized. Colonial-era texts had offered dull lists of 20 to 100 new words per page for memorization. In contrast, McGuffey used new vocabulary words in the context of real literature, gradually introducing new words and carefully repeating the old.

McGuffey's Fourth Eclectic Reader

by
William Holmes McGuffey


Introductory Matter

Punctuation Marks

1. The Hyphen (-) is used between syllables and between the parts of a compound word; as, No-ble, col-o-ny, and text-book, easy-chair.

2. The Comma (,), the Semicolon (;), and the Colon (:) denote grammatical divisions.

NOTE — These marks do not indicate the comparative length of the pauses tobe made where they occur.

3. The Period (.) is placed at the end of a sentence. It is also usedafter an abbreviation; as, God is love. Dr. Eben Goodwin.

4. The Interrogation point (?) denotes a question; as, Has he come? Whoare you?

5. The Exclamation point (!) denotes strong feeling; as, Oh Absaom! myson! my son!

6. Quotation marks (“ ”) denote the words of another; as, God said, “Letthere be light.”

7. The Apostrophe (’) denotes that a letter or letters are left out; as,O’er, for over; ’t is, for it is. It also denotes the possessive case; as,John’s hat.

8. The Curves ( ) include what, if omitted, would not obscure the sense.The parenthesis, or words included by the curves, should be read in a lowkey, and with greater rapidity than the rest of the sentence.

9. Brackets [ ] include something intended to exemplify what goes before,or to supply some deficiency, or rectify some mistake.

10. A Dash (-) denotes a long or significant pause, or an abrupt change ortransition in a sentence.

11. Marks of Ellipsis (***) indicate the omission ofletters of a word, or words of a sentence; as, P****eJ**n, for Prince John; the ******* was hung, for the traitor was hung.

Sometimes a long line, or a succession of dots is used instead of stars;as, J--n A---s, for John Adams; the D..e W…..m, for the Duke William.

12. A Brace (}) is used to connect several lines or words together.