McGuffey’s Fifth Eclectic Reader
William Holmes McGuffey
Children
10:35 h
Level 6
McGuffey Readers were a series of graded primers for grade levels 1-6. They were widely used as textbooks in American schools from the mid-19th century to the early-20th century, and are still used today in homeschooling. The series consisted of stories, poems, essays, and speeches. The advanced Readers contained excerpts from the works of well-regarded English and American writers and politicians such as Lord Byron, John Milton, and Daniel Webster.

McGuffey’s Fifth
Eclectic Reader

William Holmes McGuffey


Introduction.

I. Preliminary Remarks

The great object to be accomplished in reading, as a rhetorical exercise,is to convey to the hearer, fully and clearly, the ideas and feelings ofthe writer.

In order to do this, it is necessary that a selection should be carefullystudied by the pupil before he attempts to read it. In accordance withthis view, a preliminary rule of importance is the following:

RULE 1. — Before attempting to read a lesson, the learner should makehimself fully acquainted with the subject as treated of in that lesson,and endeavor to make the thought and feeling and sentiments of the writerhis own.

REMARK. — When he has thus identified himself with the author, he has thesubstance of all rules in his own mind. It is by going to nature that wefind rules. The child or the savage orator never mistakes in inflection oremphasis or modulation. The best speakers and readers are those who followthe impulse of nature, or most closely imitate it as observed in others.


II. Articulation

Articulation is the utterance of the elementary sounds of a language, andof their combinations.

An Elementary Sound is a simple, distinct sound made by the organs ofspeech.

The Elementary Sounds of the English language are divided into Vocals,Subvocals, and Aspirates.


Elementary Sounds — Vocals

Vocals are sounds which consist of pure tone only. A diphthong is a unionof two vocals, commencing with one and ending with the other.

DIRECTION. — Put the lips, teeth, tongue, and palate in their properposition; pronounce the word in the chart forcibly, and with the fallinginflection, several times in succession; then drop the subvocal oraspirate sounds which precede or follow the vocal, and repeat the vocalsalone.

Table of Vocals